9.12.2019

The Looping Thread

In a memoir, the foremost conundrum many authors face is the scope of the work. An interesting life can be likened to a wide-ranging tale, taking place over a period of decades. Although the events when told individually can be fascinating, the way they are lined up can make the narrative as a whole feel disorganized. It can seem like a collection of greatest hits from a career.

The main reason is chronology. Organizing a book strictly by dates poses difficulties because any person’s life is filled with so many disparate incidents. While your life may be extraordinary, that does not mean that the book will move readers. You need to provide more guidance along the way that informs the reader why you have chosen to relate such incidents.

A useful analogy is a thread running through a sewing machine. It has to be wound up, back, around, looping around this post, through that eyehole, etc., in a crazy configuration that requires a manual to follow. A reader can regard a memoir the same way. A given chapter might jump from a hiking incident to a spiritual subject and then onto a topic such as local politics. When chapters are organized in this fashion, it is easy for the reader to lose the logic of the narrative thread. What the heck did the one have to do with the next?

Start by regarding every chapter as a story unit. It has a beginning, middle, and end. It contains an opening topic paragraph, thematic bridges between each section, and a concluding paragraph. Before starting a chapter, ask yourself: what would the topic paragraph be? Through this process you will find two valuable components to any chapter: which incidents belong together, plus the thematic material that links them.

Then you can group like with like. A dramatic rescue might be linked with one that happens several years later. You don’t want to bend chronology too far, but remember, readers want to go where you are leading them. If you provide thematic material that bridges two incidents, the gap in timing is less important. Related to this technique is what might be called cause and effect. In this case, a hiking incident might be followed by a spiritual message that relates to the hiking incident. With such chapters, asking yourself what the topic paragraph is becomes straightforward. You set up a precipitating incident that then is resolved. You start off a chapter knowing that the middle will lead to the end.

Exercise: As you learned in English class long ago, a topic paragraph consists of a series of sentences that summarize the material that will be covered in a chapter (or, a paper, back in those days). Review your scenes and summarize their import in a single sentence. Put each one down on a list. Then you can review the list and pick out which incidents belong together.

“A great deal of talent is lost to the world for want of a little courage.”
—Sidney Smith

Copyright @ 2019, John Paine


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